The world’s wetlands are under attack from very destructive forces, and it risks putting future generations’ fate in jeopardy. Wetlands are a fertile ground for bringing new life into this world. Several biological processes occur there. Furthermore, they are sources of unique species of plants, animals and a productive ground for growing food crops and drinking ground for human beings and animals. The importance of wetlands cannot be understated. We will look at the benefits of these marshlands to the earth and its occupants.

Benefits of Wetlands

Wetlands are an important component of the earth’s natural composition which ensures the earth sustains itself and its constituents. Wetlands should be guarded jealously because their extinction due to human and natural activities will render the earth inhabitable as we are going to see.

Nature and Wetlands

Wetlands play a significant role in the composition of the natural habitat. Wetlands help in the maintenance of earth’s water-cycle which works to maintain the continuous water supply on earth.

Moreover, wetlands are a one-stop shop for almost all the different species of animals, plants and rare soil samples which supports the cultivation of crops. The intricate connections between these living organisms form a food web which keeps earth components in wetlands balanced. 

Wetlands possess a variety of animal foods which attracts an array of animals to inhabit that area. The area then becomes their permanent habitat due to the constant supply of food and favorable weather conditions for procreation and survival. And as the plants reproduce, some die and become organic components which makes the wetlands very fertile as well as providing food for aquatic animals.

Furthermore, wetlands are an integral part of a watershed environment. Watershed is a low-lying system of water bodies where trees, plants, rich silt particles are deposited by rivers from alleviated grounds surrounding the wetland.  These rich deposits of nutrients combine to form organisms which produce food for the watershed’s small animals which helps in maintaining the wetland’s ecosystem.

Wetlands house several species of plants which absorb a lot of carbon(iv)oxide from the environment to make food for themselves. In this process, the carbon(iv)oxide used by the plants cut the levels of carbon(iv)oxide in the atmosphere. This natural process is useful in managing global warming. Are you still wondering How can the earth benefit from wetlands. Let us continue to see.

Wetlands and People

Wetlands act like earth’s mops thanks to the ability of soil in those areas to retain water. The retention of water by this “earth’s sponge” helps in mitigating effects of natural disasters such as floods and landslides. The importance of this waterbody is evident. It keeps human beings safe from the brunt of floods which cause a lot of destructions and death in its wake.

The wetlands also shelter some of the very rich soils conducive for growing rice all year round. The paddies created by wetlands are devoid of perennial water scarcities and crop diseases which can reduce the yields of rice. Moreover, the wetlands are ever flooded and therefore cannot be affected by droughts or overflooding. The uninterrupted supply of rice from the wetlands is a food security strategy that can ensure the people are fed and surplus sold.

Natural Products for Our Economy

Wetlands have indirect by significant influence on the economy of a country. A healthy marshland produces enough rice and other plants that provide enough food for a country with enough surplus to be exported.

It is important to understand a rice-exporting country must have processing companies to refine and pack the rice for exportation. These jobs which are created by these rice companies provide work for their citizens especially the youth. This strategy in turn boost the economy of a country.

Wetlands are homes to a variety of animal and plant species which can be eaten by human beings. The fish species found in the wetlands provide food alternatives for the local communities which is an excellent move for boosting their dietary supply.

Wildlife Habitat and Fish

In the United States’ almost 35% of threatened plant and animal species exist or must have lived in a wetland during their lifecycles. The animals may have migrated to the wetlands in such security and a haven for mating and multiplying.

Some of the biggest fishes in the market always reproduce and tend for their young ones in marshy wetlands off the coast. This strategy is used by these big fishes to keep themselves and their young ones safe as the mother recovers from reproducing. The wetlands are safe grounds where the new offspring are taught to fend for themselves. The constant supply of foods in wetlands helps in the feeding of young ones so that they can grow fast and join the big fishes in the main waters.

Imagine if wetlands were eradicated, the effects it would have on every organism in its ecosystem is unimaginable.


Wetlands play an integral role in our existence, and therefore, people should be more involved in safeguarding these hidden treasures to ensure we do not become extinct ourselves.